Trauma

The after-effects of traumatic exposures—which the majority of youth in the juvenile justice system have experienced—too often manifest as behavioral problems that bring youth into contact with the juvenile justice system and prevent youth from achieving successful outcomes.

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Defending Childhood American Indian/Alaska Native Policy Initiative: Supporting Trauma-Informed Juvenile Justice Systems for Tribes | EXPANDCOLLAPSE

American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) children and youth experience violence and trauma exposure at rates far in excess of U.S. young people in general. Given rates of trauma exposure in the broader juvenile justice population, the evidence strongly suggests that AI/AN young people involved with the juvenile justice system should be considered among the most vulnerable… Read More

American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) children and youth experience violence and trauma exposure at rates far in excess of U.S. young people in general. Given rates of trauma exposure in the broader juvenile justice population, the evidence strongly suggests that AI/AN young people involved with the juvenile justice system should be considered among the most vulnerable of all youth.

The purpose of this training and technical assistance effort is to support the development and implementation of innovative, culturally appropriate, and sustainable trauma-informed response models across all child-serving systems in tribes participating as Category 1 Defending Childhood demonstration sites. The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Programs (OJJDP) has funded the National Native Children’s Trauma Center (NNCTC) and its partner agencies, American Institutes of Research (AIR) and the NCMHJJ, to advance this effort through culturally appropriate, trauma-informed training and technical assistance. By equipping tribes to create trauma-informed juvenile justice systems that are consistent with their own cultural values and that include such features as enhanced family and community engagement resources, diversion programs, and the development of safe houses, the OJJDP can incubate replicable models for change.

Arkansas Kentucky Michigan Michigan Minnesota Mississippi New York State South Carolina Virginia

Developing a Trauma-Informed Decision Protocol for Juvenile Justice Practitioners | EXPANDCOLLAPSE

Trauma exposure is almost universal among youth in the juvenile justice system. To improve outcomes for youth in the juvenile justice system experiencing negative after-effects from trauma exposure, systems must be in place to identify and assess these youth and determine appropriate care. The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention has funded a collaborative… Read More

Trauma exposure is almost universal among youth in the juvenile justice system. To improve outcomes for youth in the juvenile justice system experiencing negative after-effects from trauma exposure, systems must be in place to identify and assess these youth and determine appropriate care.

The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention has funded a collaborative effort that will advance trauma-informed practices in the juvenile justice systems by testing a replicable trauma-informed decision protocol (TIDP) consisting of trauma-informed screening and case planning based on the Risk-Need-Responsivity model. Working with juvenile justice partners in settings that represent the full continuum of the juvenile justice system—from pre-adjudication diversion to juvenile corrections this effort will

  • document current juvenile justice practice for trauma screening, assessment, referral and care delivery in the research sites;
  • develop the TIDP and implement within the research sites; and
  • test enhancement of current trauma screening practices and case management practices and outcomes after implementation of TIDP.

Once tested, TIDP will serve as a replicable model for juvenile justice settings across the country to ensure the effective implementation of trauma screening and trauma-informed case planning.

This project is being co-led by the NCMHJJ and faculty at Fordham University and the University of Connecticut Health Center, representing the Center for Trauma Recovery and Juvenile Justice, in partnership with the Georgia Department of Juvenile Justice, Juvenile Court of Fulton County (GA), Crawford County Juvenile Court (PA), and the Court of Common Pleas-Venango County (PA).

Arkansas Kentucky Michigan Michigan Minnesota Mississippi New York State South Carolina Virginia

School Diversion, Behavioral Health, and Juvenile Justice | EXPANDCOLLAPSE

Increasing the number of youth with behavioral health disorders diverted out of the juvenile justice system to effective community-based programs and services… Read More

Students with behavioral health needs are disproportionately subject to exclusionary school discipline and school-based arrests. These experiences often place them on a pathway from school misbehavior to juvenile justice system involvement, resulting in a range of poor outcomes.

The Improving Diversion Policies and Programs for Justice-Involved Youth with Behavioral Health Disorders: An Integrated Policy Academy-Action Network Initiative, with the support of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) and the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, is a collaboration between the National Center for Mental Health and Juvenile Justice and the Technical Assistance Collaborative. This project supports cross systems teams of state and local leaders in developing and implementing a School Responder Model to address behavioral health needs of students through community-based services that keep youth in school and out of the justice system.  Technical assistance is provided to teams around the structure of successful School Responder Model initiatives, building the necessary collaborative team, identification of youth in need through screening and assessment, processes to develop enduring systems of referral to effective services, and data collection and analysis.  Teams implement initiatives in order to redirect youth with behavioral health needs from school-justice pathways to community-based supports that foster school success.

Policy Academy-Action Network States, by Project Year

2012-2013 – To learn more about specific projects, click on the respective state.

2014-2015

2015-2016

All States

Arkansas Kentucky Michigan Michigan Minnesota Mississippi New York State South Carolina Virginia

SBIRT in Juvenile Justice | EXPANDCOLLAPSE

Substance use disorders are costly to individuals, families, and communities. Misuse and addiction is a key contributing factor to the leading causes of death among teens and leads to negative health, social, and behavioral outcomes including physical and mental health problems, and difficulty achieving success in school and in the workplace. NCMHJJ has been funded… Read More

Substance use disorders are costly to individuals, families, and communities. Misuse and addiction is a key contributing factor to the leading causes of death among teens and leads to negative health, social, and behavioral outcomes including physical and mental health problems, and difficulty achieving success in school and in the workplace.

NCMHJJ has been funded by the Hilton Foundation to see if the Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) framework, an effective model in healthcare settings, can be adapted to fit juvenile justice settings. NCMHJJ is working to build a SBIRT framework that incorporates the mental health and trauma needs of juvenile justice involved youth. If SBIRT is proven to be successful in juvenile justice settings, youth would be able to be paired with the appropriate level of services and organizations would be able to begin to identify the appropriate type of services needed in their treatment continuum

 

Click here (PDF) to download a flyer on the NCMHJJ’s work to implement SBIRT in Juvenile Justice Settings.

SBIRT Map

Connecticut

Willmantic Juvenile Probation

Willmantic Child, Youth and Family Support Center (CYFSC)

Stamford Adult Probation UNITY

Stamford Alternative Incarceration Center (AIC)

Louisiana

Multi Agency Resource Center (MARC) Calcasieu Parish Office of JJ Services

Jefferson Parish

Minnesota

Community and Public Health Initiatives

Ohio

Fairfield County Juvenile Court

Summit County Juvenile Court

Arkansas Kentucky Michigan Michigan Minnesota Mississippi New York State South Carolina Virginia

Resources BACK TO TOP

publication

Opportunities to Pursue Trauma-Related Work in the Every Student Succeeds Act

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publication

Guidance for Trauma Screening in Schools

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webinar

Emerging Opportunities to Use Medicaid to Support Trauma Services in Schools

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webinar

Understanding Trauma in the Context of Juvenile Justice Systems

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publication

Trauma Among Youth in the Juvenile Justice System

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flyer

Trauma-Informed Juvenile Justice Systems Flyer

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Cover of "Strengthening Our Future: Key Elements to Developing a Trauma-Informed Juvenile Justice Diversion Program for Youth with Behavioral Health Conditions"
publication

Strengthening Our Future: Key Elements to Developing a Trauma-Informed Juvenile Justice Diversion Program for Youth with Behavioral Health Conditions

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webinar

Essential Elements of a Trauma-Informed Juvenile Justice System

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publication

Understanding Child Trauma

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publication

SAMHSA’s Concept of Trauma and Guidance for a Trauma-Informed Approach

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publication

Defending Childhood State Policy Initiative Flyer

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website

National Child Traumatic Stress Network

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publication

Review of Child and Adolescent Trauma Screening Tools

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publication

Report of the Attorney General’s National Task Force on Children Exposed to Violence

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webinar

Trauma-Informed Juvenile Justice and Mental Health Systems

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