Co-occurring Disorders

Many youth in contact with the juvenile justice system experience co-occurring disorders, defined as the presence of one or more mental disorders and one or more substance use disorders.

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Research

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Juvenile Drug Court Training and Technical Assistance Project | EXPANDCOLLAPSE

Given the high prevalence of youth with co-occurring mental and substance use disorders in the juvenile justice system, as well as the poor outcomes associated with these conditions, many juvenile drug courts have modified or are considering adapting their policies and programs to include and effectively address the treatment needs of these youth. As a… Read More

Given the high prevalence of youth with co-occurring mental and substance use disorders in the juvenile justice system, as well as the poor outcomes associated with these conditions, many juvenile drug courts have modified or are considering adapting their policies and programs to include and effectively address the treatment needs of these youth.

As a partner in the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges’ Juvenile Drug Court Training and Technical Assistance Project, the NCMHJJ seeks to enhance understanding of the impact of co-occurring disorders on juvenile drug court policy and program development. This goal is achieved through several activities including:

  • providing trainings to judges and court personnel on best practices and model programs
  • producing targeted resources to guide practice
  • convening virtual learning opportunities
  • engaging juvenile drug court staff in educational opportunities at state and national conferences
Arkansas Kentucky Michigan Michigan Minnesota Mississippi New York State South Carolina Virginia

Mental Health and Juvenile Justice Collaborative for Change | EXPANDCOLLAPSE

From 2013-2016 the NCMHJJ coordinated the Mental Health and Juvenile Justice Collaborative for Change: A Training, Technical Assistance, and Education Center, one of four Resource Centers featured in the Models for Change Resource Center Partnership. The Collaborative for Change shared information on the mental health reforms that were developed by states involved with Models for Change… Read More

From 2013-2016 the NCMHJJ coordinated the Mental Health and Juvenile Justice Collaborative for Change: A Training, Technical Assistance, and Education Center, one of four Resource Centers featured in the Models for Change Resource Center Partnership.

The Collaborative for Change shared information on the mental health reforms that were developed by states involved with Models for Change and provided guidance to support their effective implementation in new communities throughout the country.

Assistance offered by the Collaborative for Change included:

  • Web-based resource center
  • A staffed help desk
  • Off-site and on-site assistance and consultation
  • On-site training
Arkansas Kentucky Michigan Michigan Minnesota Mississippi New York State South Carolina Virginia

School Diversion, Behavioral Health, and Juvenile Justice | EXPANDCOLLAPSE

Increasing the number of youth with behavioral health disorders diverted out of the juvenile justice system to effective community-based programs and services… Read More

Students with behavioral health needs are disproportionately subject to exclusionary school discipline and school-based arrests. These experiences often place them on a pathway from school misbehavior to juvenile justice system involvement, resulting in a range of poor outcomes.

The Improving Diversion Policies and Programs for Justice-Involved Youth with Behavioral Health Disorders: An Integrated Policy Academy-Action Network Initiative, with the support of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) and the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, is a collaboration between the National Center for Mental Health and Juvenile Justice and the Technical Assistance Collaborative. This project supports cross systems teams of state and local leaders in developing and implementing a School Responder Model to address behavioral health needs of students through community-based services that keep youth in school and out of the justice system.  Technical assistance is provided to teams around the structure of successful School Responder Model initiatives, building the necessary collaborative team, identification of youth in need through screening and assessment, processes to develop enduring systems of referral to effective services, and data collection and analysis.  Teams implement initiatives in order to redirect youth with behavioral health needs from school-justice pathways to community-based supports that foster school success.

Policy Academy-Action Network States, by Project Year

2012-2013 – To learn more about specific projects, click on the respective state.

2014-2015

2015-2016

All States

Arkansas Kentucky Michigan Michigan Minnesota Mississippi New York State South Carolina Virginia

SBIRT in Juvenile Justice | EXPANDCOLLAPSE

Substance use disorders are costly to individuals, families, and communities. Misuse and addiction is a key contributing factor to the leading causes of death among teens and leads to negative health, social, and behavioral outcomes including physical and mental health problems, and difficulty achieving success in school and in the workplace. NCMHJJ has been funded… Read More

Substance use disorders are costly to individuals, families, and communities. Misuse and addiction is a key contributing factor to the leading causes of death among teens and leads to negative health, social, and behavioral outcomes including physical and mental health problems, and difficulty achieving success in school and in the workplace.

NCMHJJ has been funded by the Hilton Foundation to see if the Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) framework, an effective model in healthcare settings, can be adapted to fit juvenile justice settings. NCMHJJ is working to build a SBIRT framework that incorporates the mental health and trauma needs of juvenile justice involved youth. If SBIRT is proven to be successful in juvenile justice settings, youth would be able to be paired with the appropriate level of services and organizations would be able to begin to identify the appropriate type of services needed in their treatment continuum

 

Click here (PDF) to download a flyer on the NCMHJJ’s work to implement SBIRT in Juvenile Justice Settings.

SBIRT Map

Connecticut

Willmantic Juvenile Probation

Willmantic Child, Youth and Family Support Center (CYFSC)

Stamford Adult Probation UNITY

Stamford Alternative Incarceration Center (AIC)

Louisiana

Multi Agency Resource Center (MARC) Calcasieu Parish Office of JJ Services

Jefferson Parish

Minnesota

Community and Public Health Initiatives

Ohio

Fairfield County Juvenile Court

Summit County Juvenile Court

Arkansas Kentucky Michigan Michigan Minnesota Mississippi New York State South Carolina Virginia

Resources BACK TO TOP

publication

Co-occurring Disorders Among Youth in Juvenile Justice

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flyer

Cross-Systems Mapping Flyer

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publication

SBIRT in Juvenile Justice Project Description

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presentation

What Juvenile Courts Need to Know about Providing Effective Services for Youth with Co-occurring Disorders

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"States Selected for SAMHSA-MacArthur Initiative story" webpage with map
other

States Selected for SAMHSA-MacArthur Initiative to Divert Juvenile Justice-Involved Youth with Behavioral Health Needs

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webinar

Co-occurring Disorders: Ask-the-Expert with Richard Shepler, Ph.D., PCC-S

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webinar

Co-occurring Disorders: Ask-the-Expert with Holly Hills, Ph.D.

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presentation

Addressing the Needs of Youth with Co-occurring Disorders in Juvenile Drug Treatment Courts

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webinar

Co-occurring Disorders: Ask-the-Expert with Robert Kinscherff, Ph.D., J.D.

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webinar

Improving Outcomes for Court-Involved Youth with Co-occurring Disorders

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publication

Providing Effective Treatment for Youth with Co-occurring Disorders

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publication

Developing Effective Policies for Addressing the Needs of Court-Involved Youth with Co-occurring Disorders

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publication

New Directions to Effectively Address Co-occurring Mental Disorders

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other

SAMHSA-MacArthur Select States for Initiative to Aid Youth with Behavioral Health Needs

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presentation

What Juvenile Courts Need to Know About Providing Effective Services for Youth with Co-occurring Disorders

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publication

Improving Diversion Policies and Programs for Justice-Involved Youth with Co-occurring Mental and Substance Use Disorders

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webinar

Diversion for Youth with Behavioral Health Needs: Applying Proven Strategies to Reduce Racial and Ethnic Disparities in the Juvenile Justice System

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other

SAMHSA, MacArthur Collaborate to Improve How Juvenile Justice System Responds to Youth with Behavioral Health Needs

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